Before doing an in-depth study, let us acknowledge the definition and purpose of Magento. Well, it is nothing but an open-source platform that provides a flexible shopping cart to the vendors. This platform comes with a lot of perks. Besides, it provides catalog management, SEO, and marketing tools. So, for all these reasons, it is one of the convenient options when it comes to crafting shopping carts. Many companies, those who have an e-commerce store, seek to migrate Magento 1 to Magento 2.
According to market data, 52,218 sites out of 185,189 Magento online stores have migrated from Magento 1 to Magento 2. However, those sites that are still running on Magento 1 can be on the risk of unsupported software from mid-2020. Failing the migration means failing to get updates and this can make the CMS vulnerable to web attacks. Consequently, it can easily be hacked. Hence, migration to Magento 2 becomes essential.
Thus, many companies have already opted for Magento migration, and there are numerous reasons behind it. For instance, if you migrate from Magento 1 to Magento 2, you can enjoy improved features and security updates. This upgrade is very beneficial in the long run. The benefits of Magento 2 include better security, enhanced checkout process, improved scalability and performance, superior reporting, mobile-friendly, and user-friendly design.
So, if you are scheduling for the migration, look nowhere else. We are about to discuss the process of migration of Magento 1 to Magento 2. It includes various steps such as
Step 1: Migrate Magento 1 to Magento 2 – Theme Installation
Theme installation is the first step of the process. Here, you have to check whether the theme of Magento 1 is compatible with Magento 2. If you find that the theme is compatible with Magento 2, install it without any hassle.
Magento 2 comes with plenty of technologies and methodologies. Hence, merchants, as well as the users, are witnessing an enhanced experience. Besides, a Magento developer can take advantage of this migration. They can design attractive and innovative things according to their creative skills.
Besides, they can also modify the current themes according to their preference. However, you must know that you cannot migrate directly from Magento 1 to Magento 2. Hence, you must install a Magento theme. Well, to install the theme, you have to visit the Magento marketplace. It will help in the migration process and will make it effortless.
However, if you see that the theme of Magento 1 is not compatible with the Theme of Magento 2, you can create your theme.
Step 2: Migrate Magento 1 to Magento 2 – Extension migration
Extension migration is the second step of the process. Like the previous step, you have to check whether the extension Magento 1 is compatible with the extension of Magento 2 or not. If you find out that the extensions are compatible, you can directly integrate the same extensions in Magento 2. The process is also quite effortless.
Extension migration is also a vital part of the migration. It is responsible for introducing new features as well as functionalities to your Magento store. However, if you find out that the extensions are not compatible with the Magento 2 platform, you have to add extra extensions.
Moreover, you have to make sure that you are installing all the new Magento 2 extensions from the Magento Marketplace. After that, there will be no issues. Besides, you should know the fact that you cannot use the Magento 1 extensions in Magento 2.
Step 3: Customization and configure data migration tool
Now, you have to do the customization. Well, you will get a data migration tool kit, which will help you in this process. You must configure the data migration tool. With that tool on your side, you can do the customization with ease.
However, you have to keep one thing in mind that there is a structural difference between the two platforms. Therefore, you may have to opt for some additional works during the process of migration. You have to give some extra effort to integrate your codes with the Magento 2 platform.
Furthermore, there is a possibility that you may have to edit some of the files that you have generated. Well, you have to edit them manually. So, you can understand that it will take a bit of time.
Step 4: Data migration
It is the last stage of migration. This stage involves migrating your settings as well as your data. While doing this, you can take help from the Data Migration Tool. Magento has introduced this tool to make the process more effortless.
Now, data migration is the most complicated step. It involves a lot of sub-parts. If you want to witness a smooth migration, you must opt for the data migration tool.
To be precise, this tool will make the process hassle-free and migrate all your critical data. Some of the critical data that it will help you to migrate are categories, products, orders, settings, and store configuration. The data migration tool will migrate the entire data of Magento 1’s database to Magento 2’s database.
So, you can understand that it is an essential step that is involved in the data process.
Steps of the data process
- The fundamental thing that you have to do is to install the data migration tool from the composer. Also, before the installation, make sure that both Magento 2 and the data migration tool have the same version.
- Besides, you have to take care of the configuration of the data migration tool. Here, you will find some directories that will allow you to encompass the mapping as well as configuration files. Those configuration files are quite significant as you have to use those on your data migration tool.
- In this step, you have to check the migrate settings. And to change the migrate settings from Magento 1 to Magento 2, you have to take help from the data migration tool. The settings will comprise of a lot of components like payment, tax settings, and shipping. Well, to do all these things, you have to migrate your settings first.
- It is the final step. In this step, you have to migrate your data. There are various important things that you have to migrate. Besides, some of the important sets of data that you have to migrate are orders, products, wish-lists, categories, customers, ratings, etc. And to do this, you have to follow some specific commands.
Thus, this is how you should migrate from Magento 1 to Magento 2. Once you are done with the migration process, you must test the store. It will help you to see if all the functions are working effectively. Moreover, you can also hire a reliable Magento Development Company to do the job for you efficiently. Besides, it involves a lot of manual work since it is not fully automatic.